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Aikido Glossary


1. Ichi / Ippon
2. Ni / Nihon
3. San / Sanbon
4. Shi / Yonhon
5. Go / Gohon
6. Roku / Roppon
7. Shichi / Nanahon
8. Hachi / Happon
9. Kyu / Kyuhon
10. Ju / Juppon

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m

n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z

Ai   Harmony

Ai Hanmi   Shite and Uke in Same side stance

Aikido   The way of harmony with the forces and energy of nature

Anza   Cross-leg sitting position

Arigato gozai mashita   Thank you very much

Atemi   Hit or punch

Aya   Across

Aya mochi   Cross wrist grasp

Bokken   Wooden replica of a samurai sword

Budo   A code of manner and behavior for
the samurai's life including the arts of combat with ethical and philosophical

Bukiwaza   Weapons technique

Chinkon   Meditation

Chudan   Middle level

Dai   Number

Do   Way or Path

Dogi   Clothing or uniform worn when studying Aikido

Dojo   Place of the Way (Training Hall)

Dosa   Movement

Fumikomi   Cross step

Fumikomi Hyakuhachi judo kaiten   Cross step 180° pivot

Gedan   Lower level

Gyaku Hanmi   Shite/Uke in Mirror stance

Hajime   Begin

Hakama   Japanese divided skirt worn during demonstrations

Hanmi Handachi   Shite kneeling, Uke standing

Happo Giri   Eight direction cut

Hidari   Left side

Hiji   Elbow

Hijiate kokyu nage   hitting elbow breath throw

Hijiosae   Elbow control

Hijishime   Elbow lock

Hiriki no yosei   Elbow power

Hyukuhachijudo kaiten   180° pivot

Ikkajo   First control or throw

Irimi   Entering motion

Iriminage   Step in throw

Irimizuki   Step in thrust

Jo   Wooden staff

Jodan   Upper level

Jujinage   Arm cross throw

Kaiten   Rotary / turning

Kaitennage   Rotary throw

Kakari geiko   Round robin style training

Kamae   Basic stance

Kata   Shoulders

Katamochi   Shoulder grasp

Katatemochi   One wrist grasp

Ki   Energy, Breath, Spirit

Kiai   Spirit shout

Kihon   Basic

Koho kaiten ukemi   Backward roll

Koho ukemi   Back breakfall

Kokyu ho   Breath method

Kokyunage   Breath / timing throw

Kotai   Change (e.g. shite and uke switch roles)

Kote   Wrist

Kotegaeshi   Reverse hand throw

Kuzushi   Advanced movement

Kyujugudo kaiten   95° pivot

Ma ai   Basic distance, proper or appropriate distance for a technique

Migi   Right side

Mochi   Grasp

Moku so   Close your eyes

Munemochi   Chest grasp

Nage   Throw

Nikajo   Second control

Onajuku   Repeat the same technique on the other side

Osae   Control or pin

Osu   A strong, positive greeting indicating respect

Otagai ni rei   Bow to each other

Rei   Bow

Renshu   Practice

Renzoku   Continuation

Ryo   Both

Ryohijimochi   Both elbow grasp

Ryokatamochi   Both shoulder grasp

Ryotemochi   Both wrist grasp

Sabaki   Body movement

Sankajo   Third control

Seiretsu   Line up

Seiza   Kneeling position

Sensei   Teacher

Sensei ni rei   Bow to the teacher

Shihonage osae   All direction pin

Shite   The person who executes an Aikido technique

Shite Uke Kotai   Shite and uke change roles

Shikko-ho   Knee walking

Shomen   Front

Shomen ni rei   Bow to the front

Shomenuchi   Front strike

Shumatsu dosa   After class exercise

Sokumen iriminage   Side step in throw

Sotai Dosa   Movement with partner

Suriashi   Sliding movement (feet stay stuck to the floor)

Suwari Waza   Kneeling techniques

Tai no henko   Body changing motion

Tachi Waza   Standing techniques

Tanto   Wooden knife

Tegatana   The blade edge of the hand and arm

Tenchinage   Heaven and earth throw

Tenkan   Pivot

Tsuki   Thrust, punch

Uchi   Strike

Udegarami   Arm entwine lock

Uke   The person who receives the Aikido techniques and is thereby thrown or pinned

Ukemi   Safe falling

Ushiro   From behind

Waza   Technique

Yame   Stop

Yokomenuchi   Side strike

Yonkajo   Fourth control

Zanshin   Position held after a throw in which awareness of the opponent and surroundings is maintained, literally 'unfinished mind'

Zenpo ukemi (or zenpo kaiten ukemi)   Forward breakfalls

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